Job Embeddedness and Organizational Performance: The mediating roles of Social Capital and Innovative Work Behaviour

Main Article Content

Muhammad Haroon
Mubarak Hussain Haider


Organizational performance remains in the limelight of research due to the survival of organizations. There are a number of factors that contribute to organizational performance. Therefore, this research aimed to examine the impact of job embeddedness on organizational performance through social capital and innovative work behaviour as mediators in the workplace. For this purpose, the data was gathered from the 1500 respondents by using a non-probability purposive sampling technique. These respondents were working in auto-parts manufacturing firms located in different areas of Pakistan; finally 1116 questioners were considered for data analysis. Results indicate the positive impact of job embeddedness on organizational performance, as well as on social capital and innovative work behaviour in the workplace. Results also indicate the mediation of social capital between job embeddedness and organizational performance; likewise, innovative work behaviour also explains the mediation between job embeddedness and organizational performance. Interestingly, innovative work behaviour mediates the relationship between social capital and organizational performance. Pakistan is a collectivistic country where this integrated model will serve as a prerequisite for the manufacturing firms to achieve organizational performance. The future direction has also been proposed in this research.

Article Details

How to Cite
Haroon, M., & Haider, M. H. (2022). Job Embeddedness and Organizational Performance: The mediating roles of Social Capital and Innovative Work Behaviour. Journal of Workplace Behavior, 3(2), 1–20. Retrieved from
Author Biographies

Muhammad Haroon, Department of Management Sciences, NUML, Islamabad

An experienced teacher,researcher consultant and trainer with proven track of a successful team leader; Excellent skills of interpersonal relationships; twelve years of teaching experience at higher education level, Conducted numerous management training programmes in the fields of management and professional skills development, marketing, and human resource management; for public & private organizations; Strong areas of teaching are Marketing, Human Resource Management, Leadership, Decision Making and Stress Management, Taught Management Information System; also: Research Interests are in the fields of Marketing, and Human Resource Management. Worked as consultant to many organizations in the areas of business development, preparation of feasibility studies, designing and conducting surveys for market research and public opinion; organized seminars and workshops.

Mubarak Hussain Haider, Capital University of Science & Technology Islamabad

Around 28 years of experience in industry and 15 years in higher education section, he is abreast insights about the amalgam of both industry and academia. His research focused is on industry problems especially manufacturing organization. Right now he is heading corporate company in the field of solar solution and electric mechanical vehicle solution. Along with his intensive involvement in industry, he has equally involved in academia. He has published numerous research papers in reputable journals and presented in conferences. He has conducted many workshops on various research topics and managerial issues.